By embracing adaptive reuse, historical sites are conserved and abandoned buildings are revitalized into fresh residential, commercial, and hospitality spaces, all while ensuring financial viability and sustainability.
What Is Adaptive Reuse?
Adaptive reuse involves repurposing buildings that have surpassed their initial intent. Its primary objectives encompass the preservation of architectural and cultural legacy, rejuvenating deteriorated urban areas, and fostering societal progress. However, these endeavors converge in their aim to prolong the functional lifespan of buildings as societal and technological demands progress.
HEALTHCARE CENTER, HOUSING, ADAPTIVE REUSE • LESZNO, POLAND
Types of Adaptive Reuse in Architecture
Adaptive reuse encompasses various forms, involving the repurposing of existing structures for new functions. It includes transforming vacant buildings into schools, parks, offices, or apartments.
Historic Preservation: Adaptive reuse differs from historic preservation, as it allows modifications and repurposing of old buildings, while historic preservation focuses on conserving a building's form, integrity, and materials.
Renovation: Adaptive reuse implies renovation, going beyond repairing and refinishing to transform the building's purpose.
Integration: Integration entails constructing around an original structure, preserving it within a new building. An example is Denmark's Jægersborg Water Tower converted into student housing.
Facadism: Facadism involves preserving a building's facade while replacing the rest of the structure. It is viewed as a compromise, with supporters seeing it as preferable to erasing a city's historic footprint.
Infrastructure: Adaptive reuse extends beyond buildings to repurposing outdated or unused infrastructure, such as New York City's High Line, which transformed an elevated railway into a lush park.